If you want to improve your smile, you can do so today as orthodontists are using more streamlined methods, such as invisible braces, to straighten teeth. The idea of improving the smile is to take a look at each patient individually and see where modifications or improvements can be made. Patients can exhibit one of various orthodontic problems.
Many times, crowding or spacing become issues in orthodontic work. Crowding is the most common problem that is seen. Crowding results when there is an imbalance between the size of the teeth and the jaw size. Treatment for crowding then often necessitates wearing fixed braces. In more severe cases, the teeth are extracted to correct the bite.
Spacing results when there is a disharmony, again, between the size of the jaw and the size of the teeth. Some of the teeth may be too small for the size of the jaw. Spacing can also occur because of missing teeth. As in crowding, treatment necessitates the use of fixed braces.
Orthodontists in Melbourne also see patients who display an anterior crossbite. Often associated with uneven wear of the teeth, the bite can also be represented by additional strain on the joints of the jaw. This excess strain may result in temporomandibular joint issues. The bite can also impact the supporting gums and bone. Treatment for the condition may entail using fixed braces or a removable plate.
A posterior crossbite is a bite where the upper back teeth bite on the inside of the lower teeth in the back. Like an anterior crossbite, this type of dental issue may be associated with uneven wear and temporomandibular joint disorder. Treatment involves a removable expansion appliance or fixed braces.
Teeth that Protrude
Protruding teeth are often the result of certain habits, such a thumb-sucking. Because they protrude, the teeth may be prone to injury. Treatment may include headgear, fixed braces or functional appliances. In some instances, extractions are required. Jaw surgery is performed in severe cases.
An underbite happens when the lower jaw lies ahead of the upper jaw. The bite can cause excessive tooth wear and place a strain on the joints of the jaw. The bite is corrected by using headgear. In milder cases, the bite can be corrected with fixed braces. If the underbite is pronounced, surgery may be required.
Deep bites happen when the upper front teeth overlap most of the lower front teeth when the teeth come together. The bite is associated with tooth wear and gum damage. It can also lead to temporomandibular joint difficulties. The bite is frequently repaired by wearing fixed braces.
Open bites are exhibited when the lower and upper teeth fail to overlap when the patient is biting. An open bite is typically produced when the patient sucks their thumb as a child. Usually stopping the habit in the formative years will improve the bite.
Orthodontics also extend to the treatment of missing, impacted, and ectopic teeth. All the foregoing dental issues can be corrected by wearing braces or, in less severe cases, by wearing invisible braces known as Invisalign aligners. With the advancements that have been made in dentistry and orthodontics, you can correct a bite or smile in a short length of time. Doing so will change your life and improve your overall health as well.